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Jefferson Barracks Historic Park I
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J efferson Barracks and Benton Barracks (no longer in existence) contributed extensive training and served as a major Hospital complex during the Civil War. Jefferson Barracks, established in October 23, 1826, on the edge of a vast expanse of wilderness was built to replace Fort Bellefontaine near the confluence of the Mississippi and the Missouri Rivers. It was selected for its strategic position, nearby abundant supply of Limestone and trees for construction and it close proximity to a thriving City on the Mississippi River. The cantonment was named to honor Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson Barracks served as a gathering point for troops and supplies bound for the Mexican War, Civil War, and various conflicts up to World War II. Among some of the Civil War Generals stationed at this post were Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, U.S. Grant, William T. Sherman and Philip Sheridan, Henry Dodge, Albert S. Johnson, Joseph E. Johnson, Winfield S. Hancock, Henry Halleck, Nathaniel Boone, James Longstreet, Jeb Stuart, Don Carlos Buell and many others. These men grew to know each other and later to fight each other in this terrible conflict.From its beginning Jefferson Barracks was the largest Military reservation covering over 2,000 acres, stretching two miles along the west bank of the Mississippi River.

Also credit for this picture post goes to William C. Winter and Andrew Harley whos book, “The Civil War in St. Louis: A Guided Tour” gave me much guidance and enjoyment and is a irreplaceable publication for you folks planning a trip to Civil War St. Louis.

Panorama

Jefferson Barracks Entrance-July 2002-This view leads to Park and Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery.

 

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Panorama

Visitors Center--July 2002--As you Drive into the park at the left hand Gate you will find the Visitors Center which was completed in 1878, this building was originally used as a stable for four wagons and seven animals. It was also used as a facility to repair tanks and then to house family visitors of new inductees into the service.

(Narrative Courtesy Jefferson Barracks Historic Park



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Enlargement

Jefferson Barracks Entrance-July 2002--This View is of the gate entrance which leads to the Historic Site.

 

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Enlargement

Stable--July 2002--From the Visitors Center to the left is the Stable which was Built in 1851 to house four horses and two spring wagons used to haul the munitions produced at the St. Louis Arsenal to the various ordnance magazines in Jefferson Barracks. It is unique in that it has a front and back door so that both teams could pull in simultaneously.

(Narrative Courtesy Jefferson Barracks Historic Park.)


St. Louis Main Page

Jefferson Barracks Website

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